Jeopardy A person is in jeopardy when he is regularly charged with a crime before a court properly organized and competent to try him. If acquitted, he cannot be tried again for the same offense.
Job Analysis 1. The gathering and analyzing of data about a specific job so that a job description and job specification can be written;
2. An assessment that defines jobs and the behaviors necessary to perform them.
Job Description A written statement of what a job holder does, how it is done, why it is done, and the skills needed to perform the job.
Job Design The way in which tasks are combined to form complete jobs.
Job Enlargement The horizontal expansion of a job; an increase in job scope.
Job Enrichment 1. Directed at giving the worker more authority over the work, providing a variety of tasks, and increasing responsibility;
2. Vertical expansion of a job by adding planning and evaluating responsibilities.
Job Evaluation A technique of placing each job within its order of importance in the organization to establish its proper compensation.
Job Involvement The degree to which an employee identifies with his job, actively participates in it, and considers his job performance important to his self-worth.
Job Order Cost System A type of cost accounting system that provides for a separate record of the cost of each particular quantity of product that passes through the factory.
Job Rotation 1. Assigns people to different jobs or different tasks to people on a temporary basis;
2. Periodic lateral transfers of workers among jobs involving different tasks.
Job Satisfaction A person’s general attitude towards their job.
Job Scope The number of different tasks required in a job and the frequency with which the job cycle is repeated.
Job Sharing Permits two part time workers to divide one full time job.
Job Specification A statement of the minimum acceptable qualifications that an incumbent must possess to perform a given job successfully. Frequently found in the job description.
Jobber Any business or establishment engaged in selling goods, primarily for resale, directly to retailers or merchants.
Joint Account A bank account shared or owned in the name of two or more people with deposit or withdrawal privileges by anyone or all the parties.
Joint and Several Two or more persons have an obligation that binds them individually as well as jointly.
Joint Liability Liability imposed upon two or more persons.
Joint Ownership The interest that two or more parties have in a property.
Joint Tenants Two or more persons to whom land is deeded in such manner that they have one and the same interest, accruing by one and the same conveyance, commencing at one and the same time, and held by one and the same undivided possession.
Joint Tortfeasors When two persons commit an injury with a common intent, they are joint tortfeasors.
Joint Venture A partnership established by two or more persons to carry out a specific undertaking. It usually is dissolved after the objective has been achieved. For the duration of the agreement, each partner has unlimited liability.
Journal The initial record in which the effects of a transactions on accounts are recorded.
Judgment The decision, pronouncement, or sentence rendered by a court upon an issue in which it has jurisdiction.
Judgment in Personam A judgment against a person, directing the defendant to do or not to do something.
Judgment in Rem A judgment against a thing as distinguished from a judgment against a person.
Judicial Restraint A judicial philosophy. Those following it believe that the power of judicial review should be exercised with great restraint.
Judicial Review The power of courts to declare laws and executive actions unconstitutional.
Judicial Sale A sale authorized by a court that has jurisdiction to grant such authority.
Jurisdiction The authority to try causes and determine cases.
Jury A group of persons, usually twelve, sworn to declare the facts of a case as they are proved from the evidence presented to them and upon instruction from the court, to find a verdict in the cause before them.
Just-In-Time Manufacturing Systems (JIT) Systems of manufacturing in which a primary emphasis is on the manufacture of products only as they are needed by the next stage of production or by the marketplace.

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